UKCAT Test

The UK Clinical Aptitude Test is used in the selection process by the majority of UK University Medical and Dental Schools.

Candidate Advice

Each year more than 24,000 students sit the UKCAT.  Here, a selection of high-scoring candidates who've recently sat the test talk about their experience and offer their advice on how they prepared for the UKCAT.

Candidate Advice

Emma S

Age: 17 London. UKCAT Test

Emma is well placed to offer advice to future candidates, her impressive score of 3460 was the joint highest score of 2017.

When asked about how she managed the difficult time constraints with the test Emma advises. “As I was preparing for each section I made sure to practise questions under timed conditions.  I found that the more I practised and the more questions I had seen, the easier it got for me to answer quickly.  If a question required more time to figure out than I felt I could spend, I flagged it, made an educated guess and moved on.  Also, for the Quantitative Reasoning questions, practising with the on-screen calculator cut down my time by a lot.”

In terms of the amount of preparation time, Emma says: “At first I did around 20 minutes a day, but from a couple of weeks before my test date I did at least an hour a day. I tried to do a couple of questions from each section every day, with greater focus on the sections where I was scoring badly.”

To manage her nerves on the day, she said: “I tried to only think about answering each question, not about how I was doing overall or how the results would affect my chances.  Practising beforehand under timed conditions and with the online simulator (practice tests) meant that the setup was less intimidating.”

Candidate Advice

Olukayode

Age: 24 Dundee. UKCAT Test

Olukayode, scored in the ‘Top 1%’ of candidates in 2017, here he explains how he approached his initial preparation for the test. 

 “My first steps, a few months before the testing opened, were to decipher what specific skills each of the different sections required.  For example, abstract reasoning requires pattern recognition; quantitative reasoning – basic arithmetic skills; verbal reasoning – being able to read and extract key information from vast texts, etc.  My next step was to reflect on how good I was at these key skills.

As I hadn’t done any maths since my A levels 6 years ago, I knew my basic arithmetic skills would be lacking.  I’ve also always found pattern recognition puzzles difficult so I decided that I needed to practice these skills.  I downloaded an app on my phone that had basic maths questions and different brain training exercises and did these a couple of times a week in the months leading up to my test.”

When we asked him what one piece of advice he would pass onto future candidates, he offered some thoughts on the importance of reflecting on your progress.   “You’ll probably get tired of hearing this, but reflection is incredibly important. After each practice session, reflect on what the questions you answered were asking for and ask yourself is there a quicker or easier way to do this? Is there a reason why the answer couldn’t possibly be any of the other options? In doing this, you become a lot better at ruling out answers so even if you feel pushed for time you can make a very good guess.   Also, learn and practice the keyboard shortcuts!  It saves valuable seconds!”

Candidate Advice

Rachael

Age: 17 Reigate. UKCAT Test

Rachel, another ‘Top 1%’ candidate, explains why she decided to sit the UKCAT early in the test cycle towards the end of July.  “I started first thinking about the UKCAT towards the end of May and began to start preparing in June, once I had booked my test.  I had a very busy summer so I knew I wanted to get the UKCAT done as early as possible, whilst giving myself enough time to prepare after my AS levels.   Also, I had heard that people tend to do better the earlier they do it, so I decided to book my test for the end of July.  I think this was a really good decision as I could really focus on the UKCAT at the start of the summer knowing I then had the rest of the summer to do other things towards my application such as my personal statement.  It also then gave me time to really research universities to see where my high UKCAT score would be advantageous.”

Rachel used one of the 3 timed practice tests to get a feel for how she performed in each of the subtests, this allowed her to allocate her preparation time accordingly as she explains below.  “After doing a practice test I knew my strengths and weaknesses so allocated my time appropriately.  I found the Abstract Reasoning the hardest section, and initially found it impossible, whereas, the Quantitative Reasoning I had no problems with, so I knew where I needed to focus my time.

I think one of the most important things with the UKCAT is to identify the sections you find easiest and those you find the hardest to then try and improve technique and scores on your harder sections, by spending more time on them.  After doing this, I created a timetable of when I was going to do everything.  I started preparing in small amounts about 6 weeks before the test, and then the 2 weeks before I designated the majority of my time to preparation - about 50 hours in total.

Overall, I think the best thing is to practise the tests in timed conditions with no distractions to mimic the test conditions and the pressure that you will be in in the test.  Another thing I found useful were YouTube videos, both those the UKCAT website provided and others I found, to help with the subsections I found the hardest.  For example, there are lots of videos looking at Abstract Reasoning technique which helped give me visual aids and helped me improve my score in this subsection.”  This hard work must have paid off, Rachel achieved her second highest subtest score in Abstract Reasoning, an impressive 870.

Candidate Advice

Rahul

Age: 18 Rugby. UKCAT Test

Rahul achieved a great score of 3330 in his UKCAT, scoring 800 or over in each of the four cognitive subtests, but it wasn’t all plain sailing.  He explains how he felt unprepared for his test, and decided to allow for some additional practice time.

“I originally booked it for the first weekend in September in order to give me the maximum amount of preparation time without interfering with my school work.   I originally planned to spend the whole of the summer holidays doing preparation for the UKCAT but I turned out to be much less productive!  I still managed to do some good work in the last couple of weeks but this wasn’t enough, I ended up getting a worryingly low score on a mock test the week before my test and I decided to postpone it by another two weeks to try and improve… better time management is definitely advised!  Obviously, the time needed to prepare is different for everyone.  For me, 4 weeks was a good amount of time.”

He explains how he split his preparation time: “The first 2 to 3 weeks were spent doing untimed individual practice questions on all sub-tests and then blocks of questions under timed conditions.  I assumed that the UKCAT question banks would be the most realistic and probably the toughest out of all my practice resources.  I completed all of the practice questions but I saved the actual mock tests for the week before my test.  Doing the mock tests timed, rather than untimed, gave me sense of the pressure that I would be under when doing the real thing.”

Like many candidates, the time constraints within the test were challenging, but finding strategies to cope with these was vital for Rahul.  He explains “I knew how long I had for each question but when I was in the moment, this all went out of the window.  I realised how easy it was to become bogged down on one question as I stubbornly refused to just move on.  I realised how important it is to just guess and skip to the next question if I got stuck.  People applying to medicine are very dedicated and take pride in their work so the thought of skipping a question is not a nice one.  It is important to appreciate that the questions themselves would not be so challenging if we had unlimited time. The test is made tough by the time constraints in which we have to do those questions.”

His best advice to future candidates?  “I would advise everyone to have a structured preparation plan.  The ‘guess and skip’ technique is also crucial.  Above all, just stay calm and don’t force yourself to cram in the hours leading up to the test.”  Looking at Rahul’s score, his preparation certainly paid off.

Candidate Advice

Emily

Age: 18 Stratford-upon-Avon. UKCAT Test

As our other top-scorer of 2017, we’re pleased that Emily was happy to share her advice on how to best prepare for the UKCAT.  We asked her how useful she found the information provided on the UKCAT website when preparing for her test.

“The UKCAT website was very helpful in preparing for the test. For me, the most useful part was reading the information about what would happen on the day of the test, including the page on the test experience. This meant I was prepared on the day and not surprised by the way in which things were done at the centre.   It was also good to read about the calculator and keyboard shortcuts. These definitely saved me time in the test. It was really good to practice using a calculator of the same level as the one in the UKCAT as there were some aspects I was not used to, e.g. there were no bracket buttons.  I also used the UKCAT mock papers as the final part of my preparation.”

 She also gave some tips on how she dealt with the time constraints of the test:  “Firstly, I used the keyboard shortcuts and the number pad to operate the calculator, to try and ensure that I did not waste any time that could be saved. It was necessary to practice these techniques to ensure I was familiar with them.   Secondly, I tried to move on if I thought I was going to spend too much time on a question. I tried to have a rough idea of how long each question should be taking me in each sub-test (~10 seconds, ~30 seconds, etc). If I did not think I would be able to do the question in this time, then I filled in a random answer and flagged the question to go back to if I had time later.

I also practiced the questions using the time constraints that would be applied in the real test. Often this meant I did not complete all the questions. When this happened, I would go back over the practice test and complete any questions I had left unanswered; to make sure I understood how I should have worked out the answers.  I also did a lot of working on the whiteboard in some of the sub-tests. I think this allowed me to move quickly through a question without losing track of the numbers I was thinking about.”

Emily achieved an impressive joint-top score of 3460.

Candidate Advice

Ayaz

Age: 18 Bolton. UKCAT Test

Ayaz first heard about the UKCAT during his first year at college, but decided not to focus on it until later in the year after his exams.  He then thought carefully about when to book his test.  “I knew I didn’t want it to be on my mind when I started my second year at college, with all the extra work we have to do for applying to university.  I had also arranged extensive work experience during the holidays, so to ensure I had enough time to prepare for the test, I booked it for near the end of the summer holidays.”

 He explains how he prepared for the test:  “I first began by reading into the general background of the test, such as what it consisted of, how long the test was etc.  I found the Official Guide on the UKCAT website was really helpful for this. I then got a book that was recommended to me, and started by first going through each section individually in a lot more detail, and making notes on any tips or tricks that I thought were useful.  I also practiced some questions, however I made sure these were not in timed conditions to start with, as I knew this would stress me out unnecessarily at this stage.  For each subtest I had a rough idea of how long each question should take which allowed me to practice any number of questions when I was feeling comfortable in a time frame that reflected actual test day. Also, before every practice test I would write down at what time I should be halfway through each section. This acted as a marker for me and meant if I was spending too long on a particular question I would force myself to move on as there may be easier marks I could gain towards the end.”

Like many candidates Ayaz found the Abstract Reasoning daunting at first.  “But I found that by doing simpler questions first to build confidence and, more importantly, to get an idea of the patterns that constantly came up, before moving onto more difficult questions, was a system that worked for me.  The biggest thing you can do to improve is practice more questions, as inevitably you will get better over time.”

As advocated by other top scoring candidates, Ayaz said that the official UKCAT practice tests were the most vital resource in his preparation, but cautions:  “Don’t attempt to replicate testing conditions straight away as it will only be counterproductive…  I used the practice tests on the UKCAT website, although only when I thought I was appropriately prepared. These were the closest replicas to the real exam, so I found them to be particularly useful, and they also helped me to get used to the format of the exam.”

Candidate Advice

Emma L

Age: 18 Sutton Coldfield. UKCAT Test

Emma’s score was in the 99th percentile in 2017, and she achieved over 800 in three of the four cognitive subtests, in addition to a Band 1 for SJT.

 She offers some sound tips on approaching the Situational Judgement subtest: “Look at lots of past questions, and read through the explanations or model answers that are given as feedback.   Have a look at the GMC website; this provides a great guide to what the modern doctor should aspire to be.   A general summary of any appropriate answer would be that the idea proposed is a local, direct solution to the problem, that doesn’t reflect badly upon the profession and always puts the patient first.”

She also gives some good advice for how to manage the challenging time constraints within the Abstract Reasoning subtest.  “I developed a tactic of moving onto the next set if I hadn’t worked out the pattern within ten seconds.  I would select an answer for each question in that set, flag each question, and quickly move on.  This meant that all of the questions had answers (so I wasn’t throwing away marks if I did run out of time) and also meant that I had time to come back to those harder patterns and think about them at the end.

The best tactic is to be strict with yourself – if you aren’t sure, try to eliminate one or two of the other answers and then make an educated guess from the answers you have left. Move on quickly, to make sure you have time to finish the sub-test. Remember, in the UKCAT, as long as you put an answer for each question you have a chance.”

Candidate Advice

Adam

Age: 18 Sevenoaks. UKCAT Test

Adam’s score was in the 99th percentile in 2017 and he achieved full marks of 900 in the Quantitative Reasoning section.  

His advice shows that different strategies can work for different candidates and, during your preparation, it’s important to find a strategy that works for you.  For him, he employed the following technique for tackling Quantitative Reasoning: “In the maths section, my tactic was to answer all the easier questions first, and to skip any question that looked like it would require a lot of working.  If you have time at the end, then you can attempt, or at least make an educated guess, at these harder questions.”

He also made full use of the resources on the Preparation page of the UKCAT, and has these words of advice about how to use the materials.  “The UKCAT website was the resource I used the most. I did all three of the mock tests at various points before my test, and did most of the question bank questions for the sub-test areas I found hardest. It was really useful being able to see official UKCAT standard questions before taking the test.  The mock tests on the UKCAT website are the most valuable resource you have; don’t waste them by attempting them before you’ve done any preparation.  Find a bank of questions and get practice on each type before trying a mock test.” 

He was also pretty pragmatic on how to keep calm on the day of the test, offering these final words of advice: “It was quite stressful, but the important thing is to realise that your score will only be affected by your natural ability and your preparation; by the day of the test, there is really nothing more you can do apart from staying composed and focused and letting your preparation do the work for you.”

Candidate Advice

Shivani

Age: 17 Stanmore. UKCAT Test

Shivani’s high score put her in the Top 1% of all candidates in 2017 and she offers some great advice for approaching some of the different subtests.  

 “I found that each subtest required different strategies, depending on my individual strengths and weaknesses.  For Decision Making, which has a wide variety of question types, I identified which types I was best at and did them first when doing papers.  I would aim to get them right before going onto more time consuming questions…  In Abstract Reasoning I would take each question as it came, but if I spent longer than 10 seconds trying to find a pattern, I would guess the set and come back to it…  In Quantitative Reasoning I would be really selective about which questions I did (doing easier or very short ones first) and do the ones needing a calculator later…  I was therefore able to work well within the time here.”

 She was also structured in the way in which she approached her preparation for the UKCAT, as she describes here:  “I don't work well using timetables, but I did make a checklist of areas that I thought I was weak in.  I targeted each of them individually by finding tips online, and trying each of them to see what worked for me and what didn't.  I planned out when to do each of my practice papers, and by doing a checklist after completing each one, I was constantly working on sections where I was lagging behind.” 

Candidate Advice

Daniel

Age: 17 Chislehurst. UKCAT Test

Daniel performed highly on his test, scoring in the 99th percentile, despite having a very short time to prepare. 

Here he reflects honestly on how this impacted on his preparation: “I had around two weeks from the start of the summer holidays, but I also had work experience on one of the weeks.  Despite not having much time, I spent a good three or four hours each day practising 2/3 sections on each.  By the time it got to the exam I felt as though as was as ready as I’d ever be, but maybe having an additional week or two (to not have to spend so much time each day on it) would have likely been better.”

He was also happy to share his tips of how he approached some of the subtests within the UKCAT.  “In Abstract Reasoning, some of the patterns are unique, but many of them will be ones you have seen before. If you make a bank of all the different patterns you come across in your practice and familiarise yourself with these, then after some practice the pattern ‘pops out’ at you. I didn’t do what some people do in systematically considering types of patterns and seeing if they match the sets presented – instead I tried to get so used to common patterns you would quickly recognise them.  But be sure not to get bogged down on a single question…

… In Situational Judgement, with practise you can come to see very similar questions which will mean you have encountered many of the scenarios which appear in the actual exam. This isn’t time pressured at all but don’t fall into the trap of getting stuck on a question and continually second guessing your answers.”

Candidate Advice

Simon

Age: 17 Aberdeen. UKCAT Test

Simon’s score was also in the Top 10 for 2015. He was started off on the right path by his school.  “I went to a course organised by the school. It was a day course towards the end of June (I sat my test in early August) and was a fairly intense look at each section, and suggested techniques for each. I then used a book bought second hand from a friend. I did all the practice questions in the book, timing myself for every set of questions. I also used the free resources from the UKCAT official website. This was probably the most helpful, as the layout online was exactly the same as the real thing.”

In terms of further sources of advice he said “I spoke to others who had sat the test before, there’s lots of good information on the UKCAT website, and the Pearson VUE website, and also online discussion forums for people who don’t know anyone who’s sat it.”

On the day of the test he advises it’s important to feel relaxed but to also go into the test knowing that you have prepared as well as you can. 

 “Don’t panic, do whatever works to make sure you’re calm. Make sure you’ve practiced as well though – definitely aim to have done the online tests from the UKCAT website. Already knowing exactly what the screen is going to look like when you’re in there is a good feeling, and the questions themselves are probably the most similar practice questions out there.”

A huge fan of biology, the idea of using all the scientific knowledge about processes within the body to help people in a practical way is what appeals to Simon about studying medicine. “I did some work experience and the more I saw of medical work the more I knew it was what I wanted to do.”

Candidate Advice

Isabel

Age: 18 London. UKCAT Test

2015 was notable as it saw the highest UKCAT score ever recorded!   Isabel Griffin, aged 18, from London achieved an exceptional score of 3560, beating the previous highest score of 3540 in 2013. 

Isabel gave us her views on preparing for the UKCAT.  “I did the three official practice tests on the UKCAT website. I also came up with a list of tips that people had told me or that I thought of along the way - things like reading the question first in Verbal Reasoning or looking at the simplest box in Abstract Reasoning. I also read 'Good medical practice' by the GMC, which helped a lot with Situational Judgement.” 

On what was most challenging about the test she added “I think the most important thing is to practise under timed conditions, as for me the timing was the most challenging part of the test.  I would also really recommend that people start practising with the online calculator as early as possible.”

Isabel, who is originally from New Zealand, is now setting her sights on a career in Medicine.  She says “My family has moved around a lot so I've lived in lots of different countries and been to ten different schools, a mixture of state comprehensives and grammar schools.  My reasons for choosing medicine are probably the same as most people's - I found science, especially biology, really interesting, but I also wanted a career which was quite ‘hands on’ where I would get to interact with people and hopefully make a real difference to their lives.  The diagnostic aspect also really appeals to me, as every patient is a unique individual so every case is a new challenge.”   She added “I like the fact that you are constantly pushed to improve your own performance and that the field is always evolving, so being a doctor involves a life of further learning. I decided I wanted to become a doctor after joining St. John Ambulance as a cadet and having the experience of actually treating patients for the first time.”

Candidate Advice

Karan

Age: 17 Reading. UKCAT Test

Karan was one of the Top 10 scoring candidates in 2015 and was happy to share his experience of preparing for the test.  “Without a doubt, timing was the most challenging aspect.  To start with I didn’t do questions timed, just to get a feel on how to approach questions but fairly soon I started timing myself, being very strict on how long to spend. In the actual test, if I wasn’t getting anywhere within 10 seconds of starting a question I’d flag it and move on.”

An organised approach to preparing for the test helped Karan achieve such a high score.  He said “I went through the UKCAT Candidates Toolkit (free on the UKCAT website), which had video tutorials on how to approach different types of question.” 

“I also did all of the mock tests on the UKCAT website, which was probably the most useful thing as it gave you an idea of how the test actually worked on the computer. Right from the start of my preparation, I kept updating a word document filled with tips I’d found genuinely helpful for each section.”

Candidate Advice

Joe

Age: 19 Bristol. UKCAT Test

Joe’s great score put him firmly in the Top 3% of candidates in 2015. He revised using a question book and a selection of websites and asserts “The questions themselves aren't all that hard, it's more the speed at which you have to complete them.”  He continues “Just practising with time limits and timers - the book and the website are both pretty clear about how much time you have for each section, so just try to get as close as you can to that.”

He is also clear on the fact that although many people say you can’t revise for the UKCAT, you can certainly prepare.

“It's not that different to any other exam; you can't revise but you can practise, and you'll probably get out what you put in. I naturally can read quite fast (trust me, not as useful as it sounds in all other areas of life) so you might want to practise that for the Verbal Reasoning questions. Brush up on your very basic maths skills, ratios and percentage changes because it's annoying to get those ones wrong!”

Candidate Advice

Muhammad

Age: 18 London. UKCAT Test

Muhammad’s high score put him in the Top 3% of all candidates in 2015. As well as buying a book of questions he says “I used a wide range of resources ranging from each and every test on the UKCAT website to all the online resources available which were free of any cost.”

Muhammad insists lots of practice is key, and advises to starting preparing at least a month before your test, saying

“This is unlike many tests you might have been through previously where you might have crammed it all in a week before and come out successful on the other end. This will not happen when doing the UKCAT. Patience is also paramount as you might not get very high scores towards the beginning but eventually and gradually your scores will improve as you get to grasp the foundations of the test.” 

Advice from school and classmates was not immediately on hand to Muhammad, who said “Unfortunately for me since I was on a gap year, I did not have access to teachers or college staff but I did have useful forums like The Student Room where students and teachers posted useful techniques and tips and even answers and explanations for specific problems.”