UKCAT Test

The UK Clinical Aptitude Test is used in the selection process by the majority of UK University Medical and Dental Schools.

Abstract Reasoning

Abstract Reasoning assesses your ability to identify patterns amongst abstract shapes where irrelevant and distracting material may lead to incorrect conclusions. The test therefore measures your ability to change track, critically evaluate and generate hypotheses and requires you to query judgements as you go along.


Why Abstract Reasoning?

When considering possible diagnoses, medical practitioners may be presented with a set of symptoms and/or results. Some information may be more reliable, more relevant and clearer than other information. Doctors and Dentists need to make judgements about such information, identifying the information which will help them reach conclusions. Carrying out research involving data often involves identifying patterns in results in order to generate further hypotheses. 


Abstract Reasoning Items

You will be presented with 55 items associated with sets of shapes.  You will have 13 minutes to answer the items in this subtest.

You will see all of these 4 different item types in this subtest:

  • For type 1, you will be presented with two sets of shapes labelled “Set A” and “Set B”. You will be given a test shape and asked to decide whether the test shape belongs to Set A, Set B, or Neither.

  • For type 2, you will be presented with a series of shapes. You will be asked to select the next shape in the series.

  • For type 3, you will be presented with a statement, involving a group of shapes. You will be asked to determine which shape completes the statement.

  • For type 4, you will be presented with two sets of shapes labelled “Set A” and “Set B”. You will be asked to select which of the four response options belongs to Set A or Set B.